Chilli pepper, whose Latin name is 'Capsicum Annum', is a plant species belonging to the family class known as the nightshade (Solanaceae). The part used for the production of chili pepper is the fruits of the plant. It is used in coarse, ground, or powder form. The homeland of red pepper is Central America and South America. The first pepper cultivation BC. It is reported that it was made in America in 7500 BC, and the plant spread to China and India from here. When Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas, he mistook the plant with bitter fruits as black pepper, so he thought that the region they came from was South India first. It is thought that the first entry of the plant into Turkey was via the Red Sea via Syria or through trade with Italy.