Turunç, whose Latin name is 'Citrus aurantium', is from the citrus family. Its homeland is South East Asia. It grows in Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean regions in our country. It is a perennial herb with evergreen white flowers in winter. Its fragrant fruits attract attention with their resemblance to small oranges. The outer shell is hard and greenish. It turns golden yellow as it matures. Due to its bitter and sour taste, it is used as an alternative to lemon in Aydın and Nazilli regions, in pita bread and salads. Essence is produced from the pleasant smell of fruit peels. It can be used to create wonderful flavors in almost any dessert, ice cream, and cake. Jam and marmalade are made from citrus fruits. It can also be used to remove unwanted odors such as lemon.
Tarragon, whose Latin name is 'Artemisia dracunculus', is a genus of daisyaceae family. Its homeland is Siberia. It is grown in some gardens in Ankara, Gaziantep, Urfa, and Erzurum in our country. It divides into light green branches over the rounded body. Towards the base of the plant, the stem turns brown. Its leaves are bright green, thin and long. The oil glands under the leaves emit a nice smell with a peppery bitter taste. It is a perennial shrub with spherical flowers, small and white in color.
Cinnamon, whose Latin name is 'Cinnamomum Verum', is from the laurel family. It is native to South and Southeast Asia. There are more than 100 species. The most widely known are cassia and Ceylon cinnamon. Ceylon cinnamon is a more refined and hard-to-find type among these two species whose flavors and odors are very close to each other. It is a perennial herb with an evergreen, aromatic scent. The dried bark of the cinnamon tree is used. It is one of the oldest spices in human history. It can be easily distinguished from other spice types with its strong smell, sharp and long-lasting effect.