Its Latin name is 'Calendula officinalis'. Due to the fact that the plant blooms again after the seed-fixing flowers are properly plucked, this plant is named Calendula, which means the first day of the month in Latin. It is also known as the Orange Daffodil because of its orange-colored flowers. However, it has no affinity with the Narcissus plant. It is from the daisy family. It is an annual, herbaceous plant that grows in almost every geography where temperate climate prevails.
Calendula is a condiment that has managed to enter many world cuisines and is used as a sweetener and colorant in foods. Although it does not contain saffron flavor, it is indispensable for some bread and cakes, as it gives saffron color. Thanks to its unique pleasant smell and non-irritating aroma, it can be used as an ornamental material in almost all kinds of salads.
The use of calendula dates back to the 12th century. It was also known as a rain indicator. If the flowers continue to remain closed after 7 in the morning, it means that it will rain that day.
From the calendula plant; Calendula tea, calendula oil, calendula tincture, ointment, and cream are produced.
Calendula flowers, together with the petals, should be collected from early summer to autumn and dried in the shade with good ventilation. Calendula tea can be prepared from these carefully dried leaves.
If stored in a dry, cool, and dim environment, in colored glass containers, the lifespan of the Calendula plant is 2 years.